Volume 30, Number 1 (1-2016)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2016 | Back to browse issues page


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Dehghan N, Aghilinejad M, Nassiri-Kashani M H, Amiri Z, Talebi A. The effect of a multifaceted ergonomic intervention program on reducing musculoskeletal disorders in dentists. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2016; 30 (1) :1263-1267
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4185-en.html

Associate Professor Occupational Medicine Research Center (OMRC), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , aghilinejad.m@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (996 Views)

Background: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are the most common occupational injuries in dentists. These disorders occur due to the specific characteristics of dentistry occupation such as the use of tools and instruments and awkward posture. The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of multifaceted ergonomic program on reducing musculoskeletal disorders in dentists.

  Methods: One hundred-two male dentists who worked in dentistry clinics of Tehran's hospitals participated in this interventional study.  Participants were randomly divided into control (n=50) and intervention (n=52) groups.  Dentists in the intervention group (n=52) underwent multifaceted ergonomic intervention program for 8 weeks and dentists in the control group (n=50) only received the measurements. The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was evaluated in each of the 2 groups at 3 time points before the intervention, 3, and 6 months after the intervention using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). Paired t-test was used to compare the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders before and after the ergonomic intervention program at the end of 3 and 6 months.

  Results: The results revealed that the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was reduced after the intervention in the neck, shoulder, arm, wrist, back, thigh, knees, and feet (p<0.05). On the other hand, the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders increased in the control group in the neck, shoulder, arm, wrist, thigh, and knee, respectively. The survey results revealed that 98% of the participants agreed with this intervention program.

  Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that the multifaceted ergonomic intervention program, which included improving working conditions, identifying ergonomic risk factors, regular exercise, and discussion group meetings, could decrease the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentists.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Medicine

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