Volume 27, Issue 1 (Published 28 February 2013)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2013 | Back to browse issues page


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Jamebozorgi A A, Kavoosi A, Shafiee Z, Kahlaee A H, Raei M. Investigation of the prevalent fall-related risk factors of fractures in elderly referred to Tehran hospitals. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2013; 27 (1) :23-30
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1692-en.html

MSc Occupational Therapy Department, Faculty of Rehabilitation, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , aas.bozorgi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2261 Views)
 Background: Prevalence of fall-related mortality is rising in the elderly population. Falling is one of the causes of the murderous and non-murderous injuries in the elderly population which can lead to disability, dependence and decline of quality of life. Fractures constitute a major part of the fall-related injuries. The present study is designed to investigate the prevalence of fall-related risk factors of fractures in the Iranian elderly population.

 

Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 240 elderly adults (aged 72.24±8.81 years) referred to Tehran hospitals in 2011 with wrist, femoral and proximal humeral fractures, using a questionnaire designed for this purpose.

 Results: Ninety four (39.2%) cases were males and 146 (60.8%) were females. Slipping was the most prevalent mechanism of falling with the rate of 26.9% followed by falling from height and falling outdoors. Femur was the most frequently injured site (57.5%) while wrist and humerus were the next sites to be injured. Only 7.5% of the cases lived in a safe environment while in 37.2% and 55.2% cases, home environment was partly safe and non-safe, respectively.

 

Conclusion: Fall-related fractures in the studied population is related to cardiovascular and musculoskeletal disorders, low level of physical activity and ignorance of safety principles but, the prevalence of neurologic diseases and drug and alcohol abuse, which have been mentioned as relevant risk factors in some studies, was very low in this population.

 
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy

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