Volume 27, Issue 3 (Published 24 July 2013)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2013 | Back to browse issues page

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Vaziri M, Pazouki A, Tamannaie Z, Maghsoudloo F, Pishgahroudsari M, Chaichian S. Comparison of pre-operative bilirubin level in simple appendicitis and perforated appendicitis. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2013; 27 (3) :109-112
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1878-en.html
Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , zeinab_tamannaie@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2567 Views)

  Background: Delay in diagnosis and treatment of perforated appendicitis may cause life-threatening complications. The aim of this study was to determine and compare pre-operative total and direct bilirubin levels in cases of simple and perforated acute appendicitis in order to improve the clinical decision making.

  Methods: This prospective observational study included eighty patients who underwent open appendectomy, during a one-year period from March 2010 to March 2011 in the surgical department of Hazrat-e-Rasool Akram Hospital, an academic teaching hospital in Tehran- Iran. Pre-operative total and direct levels of bilirubin were compared in two groups of histologically proved appendicitis (simple and perforated), each including 40 patients.

  Results: Eighty patients who underwent open appendectomy including 70% men and 30% women with a mean age of 34±11 years in Group I (perforated appendicitis) and 47.5% women and 52.5% men with a mean age of 33±14 in Group II (simple appendicitis) were included in this study. The mean bilirubin levels were higher for patients with perforated acute appendicitis compared to those with a non-perforated simple appendicitis (1.04±05 mg/dl vs 0.7±0.1 mg/dl) and this difference is highly significant (p<0.01).

  Conclusion: Assessment of preoperative total bilirubin is useful for the differential diagnosis of perforated versus acute simple appendicitis and total bilirubin should be used as an independent parameter in the early diagnosis of appendix perforation.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Surgery

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