Volume 28, Issue 1 (1-2014)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2014 | Back to browse issues page

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Solati M, Ouspid E, Hosseini S, Soltani N, Keshavarz M, Dehghani M. Oral magnesium supplementation in type II diabetic patients. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014; 28 (1) :412-419
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2346-en.html
Department of Physiology, Faculty of medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences and Cardiovascular Research Center for Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran. , neptun.soltani@gmail.com,nsoltani@hums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2377 Views)

  Background : Magnesium is the second most abundant intracellular cation. It plays an important role in insulin homeostasis and glucose metabolism through multiple enzymatic reactions. With increasing data on magnesium deficiency in diabetic patients and epidemiological studies demonstrating magnesium deficiency as a risk factor for diabetes, it is logical to search for its possible beneficial effects on diabetes control and prevention. We aimed to determine whether oral magnesium supplementation improves metabolic control, lipid profile and blood pressure in patients with type II diabetes.

  Methods : Fifty four patients with type II diabetes were included in a randomized double blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.Patients received either placebo or 300 mg elemental magnesium (as magnesium sulfate -MgSo4-) daily, for 3 months. Metabolic control, lipid profile, blood pressure, magnesium status, hepatic enzymes, hemoglobin concentration, and anthropometric indices were determined in the beginning and at the end of the study.

  Results: Daily administration of 300 mg elemental magnesium for 3 months, significantly improved fasting blood glucose (183.9±15.43 to 125.8±6.52 vs. 196.5±28.12 to 136.5±7.94, p< 0.0001), 2-hour post prandial glucose (239.1±74.75 to 189.1±60 mg/dl vs. 246.4±97.37 to 247.8±86.74 mg/dl, p< 0.01), lipid profile, blood pressure and hepatic enzymes.

  Conclusion: Oral magnesium supplementation with proper dosage has beneficial effects on blood glucose, lipid profile, and blood pressure in patients with type II diabetes.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Endocrinology

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