Volume 28, Issue 1 (1-2014)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2014 | Back to browse issues page

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Hajiabdolbaghi M, Jafari S, Mansouri S, Hedayat Yaghoobi M. Hospitalizations and its related factors in HIV/AIDS patients in Tehran, Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014; 28 (1) :431-437
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2423-en.html
Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hyaghooby@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2376 Views)

  Background: HIV/AIDS patients are mainly hospitalized for HIV-related diseases and opportunistic infections. Thisstudy was performed todetermine thecauses ofhospitalization and its related factors in HIV/AIDS patients in Tehran’s Imam Khomeini Hospital during 2009-2012.

  Methods: Thisstudy wasa descriptive cross-sectionalstudy . HIV patients admitted to the Imam Khomeini Hospital were included in the study through censusmethod, during the study. Demographic variables, hepatitis co-infection, CD4 count, history of receiving anti- retroviral therapy (ART), cause of admission, length of hospitalization and patient's outcome were recorded . Data were analyzed by SPSS software and by means of Chi-square and Mann Whitney U tests .

  Results: Duringthe study,555HIV patientswere included in,84.9 % of whom were male, with the mean age of 36.59±8.51years and the average length of hospitalization for 16.04±18.82 days.

  Opportunistic infections were the most common cause of hospitalization (46.5%) with prevalent of which was pulmonary tuberculosis being the most prevalent (37.6%).

  Patientssuffering fromopportunistic infectionshadsignificantlylowerCD4countand longer hospitalizationthan theother diseases.

  A significant difference was detected between patients outcome and the history of ART.

  Conclusion: Low CD4 count may contribute to an increase in number and length of hospitalization in HIV/AIDS patients. Accordingly, it appears to affect outcome of their treatment and ART was accompanied by a drop in the death rate of hospitalized patients.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Infectious Disease

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