Volume 28, Issue 1 (1-2014)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2014 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaei M, Ebrahimi I, Vassaghi- Gharamaleki B, Pirali M, Mortaza N, Malmir K, et al . Isokinetic dynamometry of the knee extensors and flexors in. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2014; 28 (1) :702-707
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-2480-en.html
School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, & Rehabilitation Research Center, Biomechanics Lab, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , aliajamshidi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3011 Views)

  Background :This paper explores the gender-related bilateral differences of extensor and flexor torques of the knee joint at low and high angular velocities in Iranian healthy males and females.

  Methods : 70 healthy subjects (29 males (26.61±4.34 yrs and 41 females with average age of 23.07±3.70 yrs)) were participated in this study. Isokinetic peak torque values for knee extensors and flexors in concentric and eccentric contraction modes were measured and flexors and extensors strength ratios (HQR) computed among both dominant and non-dominant legs in lying position at 60 and 180°.s-1angular velocities.

  Results : There was significant gender-velocity interactions detected for knee flexor to extensor strength ratios presenting that increasing velocity escaled this, ratios in females more than males(p<0.05). There was no gender-velocity-leg side interaction (p>0.05). Bilateral differences were found for eccentric flexor peak torques (p<0.05). By increasing velocity, peak torque values decreased and HQR was increased (p<0.05).

  Conclusion : Measurement procedures including test position is an important factor when interpreting gender- related and bilateral differences of isokinetic knee strength ratios in healthy individuals.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Physical Therapy

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