Volume 30, Issue 1 (1-2016)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2016 | Back to browse issues page

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Naderi N J, Tirgari F, Keshavarz Z. Vascular endothelial growth factor expression and vascular densi-ty in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC): A study on clinical and histopathologic significance. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2016; 30 (1) :401-406
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3678-en.html
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. , jalayer@shahed.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2143 Views)

Background: New blood vessels formation is a critical step in tumor progression. Vascular density affects the clinical outcome and prognosis of malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between the Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) expression and vascular density with the clinical and histopathologic features in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).

  Methods: In this retrospective study, 22 paraffin embedded block of well-differentiated OSCC were examined immunohistochemically for VEGF expression. Vascular density was determined by counting the blood vessels in 6 fields with 100 (HPF) on hematoxylin-eosin stained slides. The relation between the VEGF expression and vascular density with clinical and histopathologic features were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and Chi-square tests.

  Results: A significant relation between gender (P=0.06) and tumor size (p=0.05) with vascular density was obtained. The relation between VEGF expression and gender (p=0.41), age (p=0.35), lymph node involvement (p=0.38), tumor size (p=0.15) and tumor differentiation (p=0.34) was not significant. The relation between vascular density and age (p=0.55), lymph node involvement (p=0.20), and tumor differentiation (p=0.80) was not significant.

  Conclusion:  Blood vessels formation relates to tumor size. Controlling the tumor size by manipulating the blood vessels formation may contribute to the inhibition of tumor progression in malignant tumors.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Dentistry

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