Volume 30, Issue 1 (1-2016)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2016 | Back to browse issues page

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Afrand M, Khalilzadeh S H, Shojaoddiny-Ardekani A, Afkhami-Ardekani M, Ariaeinejad A. High frequency of metabolic syndrome in adult Zoroastrians in Yazd, Iran: a cross-sectional study. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2016; 30 (1) :496-503
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3716-en.html
Industrial Diseases Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. , dr.shojaaddiny@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2571 Views)

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of metabolic disturbances, and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. MS exhibits variations among ethnic groups. Zoroastrianism is an ethnic minority which has maintained its isolation and endogamy up to now. So, we evaluated the frequency of MS in Zoroastrians of Yazd, Iran.

  Methods: In this cross-sectional study, participants aged ≥30 years were selected using a systematic random sampling. Weight, height, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and blood pressure (BP) were measured using standard methods. Also, blood levels of glucose, triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), urea, creatinine and uric acid (UA) were measured. Both revised National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) and Joint Interim Statement (JIS) criteria were used to diagnose the MS.

  Results: The mean±SD age of the participants (n=403) was 56.9±12.8 years. The frequency of MS was 69.7% and 74.9% based on JIS and ATPIII criteria, respectively; this was significantly different by age, marital status, job, educational level, and menopausal status (p<0.05). The most prevalent abnormal parameters of MS according to ATPIII and JIS criteria were high WC (95%) and low HDL (87.9%), respectively. Mean LDL, systolic BP, WHR, UA, urea, and creatinine were different between men and women. The difference between the age groups was statistically significant for BMI, systolic BP, diastolic BP, TG, WHR and urea (p<0.05).

  Conclusion: This study showed a high frequency of MS in Zoroastrians of Yazd, Iran. 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Endocrinology

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