Volume 31, Issue 1 (1-2017)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2017 | Back to browse issues page

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Roshani D, Abdolahi A, Rahmati S. Association of p53 codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism and risk of cancer in Iranian population: A systematic review and meta-analysis . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2017; 31 (1) :896-902
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4064-en.html
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran. , d.roshani@muk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (759 Views)

Background: Different studies have investigated the association between p53 codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism and cancer risk. Because of the lack of consensus of the results in individual studies, we conducted this meta-analysis by pooling all currently available case–control studies to estimate the effect of p53 codon 72 Arg/Pro polymorphism on cancer susceptibility in Iranian population.
   Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken and primary data from all peer-reviewed journals indexed in PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Magiran, Scientific Information Databank (SID), Iran Medex, and CAB abstract electronic were used to conduct this meta-analysis. We considered some exclusion and inclusion criteria to select the articles. Statistical heterogeneity was explored using the I-square. Publication bias was assessed graphically and statistically by Begg’s funnel plot and Egger test. All statistical analyses were performed using StatsDirect software and a two- tailed test. P-value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant for any test.
   Results: Our dataset, which included 35 case-control studies, consisted of 2426 cancer cases and 2928 controls. Pooled OR and 95%CI indicated that codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism was not associated with odds of developing cancer among Iranian population in the dominant model (Pro/Pro+Arg/Pro vs. Arg/Arg:  OR= 0.96, 95%CI= 0.74 to 1.24 chi2= 0.06, p= 0.8). Moreover, no significant association was detected in variant allele (Pro vs Arg: OR= 1.075, 95%CI= 0.91 to 1.25), homozygous (Pro/Pro vs Arg/Arg: OR=0.911 95%CI= 0.66 to 1.25), and heterozygous (Arg/Pro vs Arg/Arg: OR= 0.84, 95%CI= 0.7 to 1).
   Conclusion: Our study revealed that p53 codon 72 Arg>Pro polymorphism was not associated with overall cancer odds in Iranian population.

Keywords: Meta-analysis, Cancer, p53, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 527 kb]   (259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Meta-analysis

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