Volume 31, Issue 1 (1-2017)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2017 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahmadzadeh N, Rezapoor A, Ghanavatinejad Z, Nouhi M, Karimi S, Saravani A, et al . Estimation of economic burden of preterm and premature births in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2017; 31 (1) :437-443
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4069-en.html

MSc Student in Health Economics Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , reza.jahan67@gmail.com
Abstract:   (126 Views)

Background: there is tremendous socioeconomic adverse effect upon families with preterm and premature born, both at birth and during their lifetime. The aim of this study is to evaluate the potential economic impact of preterm and premature birth in Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study(done in 2014-2015), we have studied a set of preterm and premature born which have been subjected to hospitalization. A social approach was applied to estimate three different costs: direct medical, direct non-medical, and indirect costs data were collected from the documents in NICU and studying their medical records as well as interviewing with their parents. The data were analyzed by Microsoft Excel.

Results: we found that 84%, 6%, and 10% of the costs were, respectively, belonged to direct medical, direct non-medical, and indirect affairs and the estimated due social costs in the same year were 373,529,189; 508,774,181; 529,481,996 US dollar (according to their corresponding incidence of 5.8%, 7.9%, and 9.9%). We also found that 75% of the direct medical costs of initial hospitalization were due to intensive care beds.

Conclusion: the economic burden of preterm and premature birth in Iran is high and to decrease the costs, it is necessary to: first, plan preventive programs for preterm and premature born; and second, implement planned management cares for families dealing with this issue to decrease the costs.

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