Volume 19, Issue 1 (5-2005)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2005 | Back to browse issues page

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MOMBENI H, KHERADMAND A. SCHISTOSOMAHAEMATOBIUM CONTROL IN KHOOZESTAN PROVINCE IN IRAN: PROSPERITIES AND FAILURES. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2005; 19 (1) :19-22
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-410-en.html
MD Department of Urology, Golestan Hospital, Jundishapour Ahvaz Medical University,Ahvaz, Iran. , kheradmand_a@ yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3537 Views)

 ABSTRACT

 Background: Schistosoma haematobium is a parasite that is carried by freshwater snails and induces gastrointestinal and urinary disease, depending on its species. In Khoozestan, one of the provinces in Iran, schistosomiasis was endemic. This study reports the results of schistosomiasis control in this region.

 Methods: From 1981 to 2001 nearly 650 villages and 20 cities were under surveillance for S. haematobium. More than 1.5 million urine samples were taken and positive cases were treated.

 Results: From 1981 to 1990 there were 1158 positive cases whereas, from 1991 to 2000 only 98 cases were reported and from 2000 to 2001 we could not detect any positive cases. The northwest ofKhoozestan was the most infected area.

 Conclusion: Schistosoma haematobium can be eradicated provided that anationwide health care project comprising public health education, environment decontamination, case finding, screening, and chemotherapy is designed and held meticulously.

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