Volume 32, Issue 1 (2-2018)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2018 | Back to browse issues page


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Rahmani Y, Mohammadi S, Karim H, Rezazadeh M, Babanejad M, Shahmohammadi A et al . Association of Helicobacter pylori and Coronary heart disease in Iran: A meta-analysis . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2018; 32 (1) :420-428
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4224-en.html
Clinical Research Development Center, Imam Ali and Taleghani Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. Kermanshah, Iran. , afsharshahmohammadi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (248 Views)

    Background: Several studies in the recent decade have supported a relationship between different types of infections and CHD (Coronary Heart Disease); however, such a relationship is not definitely proven. Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common infections in human. The role of inflammation in the pathogens of CAD (Coronary Artery Disease) has been widely discussed; although, the mechanism is not clearly known yet.
   Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis all case-control articles on the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and CHD published from 31st June 2000 to 31st June 2016 indexed in Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Iranian databases Magiran, Iran Medex, Irandoc, and SID were included. The articles were searched using the following keywords in Farsi and English. The extracted data was imported into Microsoft Excel and analyzed in Stata 12.
   Results: Thirty case-control studies conducted in different regions of Iran (15 provinces) have been published from 2001 to 2015 included in this study.  A general estimate of OR (Odds Ratio) for the association of Helicobacter pylori and heart diseases in Iran was 2.351 (95 CI: (1.715, 3.221)).
   Conclusion: According to the observed association between Helicobacter pylori and heart diseases in the resent study, most of the hosts of the bacterium are afflicted with the infection in their childhood. Therefore, personal hygiene promotion and preventive programs for Iranian children may have a considerable role in reducing the risk of the infection and cardiovascular diseases, consequently.
 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Heart

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