Volume 32, Issue 1 (2-2018)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2018 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli A, Monavari S H, Mollaei H, Bokharaei-Salim F, Esghaei M, Keyvani H et al . Frequency of human Parvovirus B19 among patients with respiratory infection in Iran . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2018; 32 (1) :220-223
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4342-en.html
Department of Virology, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hrmonavari@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (939 Views)

Background: Human parvovirus B19 was known as one of the possible cause of mild respiratory tract diseases in previous studies. However, there are some reports of acute obstructive respiratory disease and severe pneumonia. The purpose of current study was to assess the prevalence and clinical features of parvovirus B19 in respiratory infection.
   Methods: This study was conducted on 156 patients diagnosed with respiratory infection at the Iran University of Medical Sciences-affiliated hospitals. After extraction of viral DNA from swab samples, detection of parvovirus B19 was performed by real-time PCR assay.
   Results: In 156 patient’s samples, parvovirus B19 was found in 8 (5.1 %) cases including 5 males (5.9%) and 3 females (4.1%). The most common clinical symptoms were wheezing (100%), tachypnea (100%), fever (75%) and rhinorrhea/pharyngitis (75%).
   Conclusion: This is the first attempt to assess the prevalence of parvovirus B19 infection in Iranian patients with respiratory infection. The low frequency of parvovirus B19 detected in our study does not support the role of this virus in the development of respiratory infection. However, further studies are needed to better evaluate the etiological role of parvovirus B19 in respiratory infection.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Virology

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