Volume 32, Issue 1 (2-2018)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2018 | Back to browse issues page

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Bagheri Faradonbeh S, Ebadi Fard Azar F, Rezapour A, Hajahmadi M, Hajmiresmail S J. Comparing the effectiveness of revascularization interventions with medical therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy: A systematic review and meta-analysis . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2018; 32 (1) :743-753
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5355-en.html
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , ebadi.f@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (884 Views)
Background: Determining the effectiveness of cardiovascular interventions plays an important role in reimbursement decisions, health care pricing, and providing clinical guidance on the use of existing clinical technologies. This study aimed to review and analyze the effectiveness of revascularization interventions (CABG and PCI) compared to medical therapy in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy.
   Methods: Different databases were searched up to December 2017. The articles were selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria.  Quality of all studies was evaluated by Jadad score and relevant checklists. The I2 test was used to test heterogeneity. Also, to integrate the results of similar studies, meta-analysis was done using STATA software.
   Results: A total of 18 studies were included. Based on the random effects model, the overall results of comparing the effectiveness of revascularization interventions with medical therapy were as follow: 38.94 [95% CI: 26.95-50.94, p<0.001, I2 = 99.6%, p<0.001], [75.31, 95% CI: 74.06-76.57, p<0.001, I2= 88.8, p<0.001], and 75.76 [95% CI: 71.99-79.53, p<0.001, I2= 99.2, p<0.001] for cardiac mortality rate, quality of life, and 5-year survival, respectively. Also, in patient satisfaction index, revascularization interventions were shown to be more effective than medical therapy.
   Conclusion: This study showed that revascularization interventions in all studied indices were more effective than medical therapy. Also, between revascularization interventions, PCI was more effective in cardiovascular mortality and 5-year survival than CABG in terms of quality of life. Moreover, CABG was more effective than PCI. In patient satisfaction index, the results of the 2 included studies were contradictory.
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