Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page


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Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , kdjafarian@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (795 Views)
Background: Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals appear to be protected or more resistant to the progression of obesity-related metabolic disorders. Hormonal regulation associated with adipose or muscular tissues such as irisin and leptin may facilitate the healthy metabolic profile of MHO cases. In this case-control study, the differences between serum level of irisin was investigated in metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) and metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals.
   Methods: The study participants included obese individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) (n=51) and 2 control groups that included weight matched cases without MetS (n=51) and normal weight cases without MetS (n=51). Diagnosis of MetS was made based on the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII) criteria. Serum levels of leptin and irisin were determined by enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) curve, multiple linear regression, and one-way ANOVA analysis were used in SPSS 16 software. Significant level was set at 0.05.
   Results: Based on the statistical analysis, serum levels of irisin were 2.91±1.6, 3.14±1.4, and 4.47±3.23 (ng/mL) in MUO, MHO, and nonobese metabolically healthy participants, respectively (P = 0.001). Also, serum levels of leptin were 14.06±12.4, 11.2±9.3, and 7.09±7.1 (ng/mL) in MUO, MHO, and nonobese metabolically healthy cases, respectively (p=0.002). After adjusting for demographic variables, a significant association was found between irisin and study groups (β = 0.77, P = 0.001), weight (β=-0.03, p=0.014), BMI (β=-0.11, p=0.006), TG (β=-0.003, p=0.025), fat mass (β=-0.04, p=0.046), and fat free mass (β=0.08, p=0.014).
   Conclusion: Obese patients with/without MetS had lower level of irisin than normal weight participants.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nutrition