Volume 23, Issue 2 (8-2009)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2009 | Back to browse issues page


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Azimi C, Abbasi S. Genetic polymorphisms in the estrogen receptor - α Gene codon 325(CCC}CCG) and risk of breast cancer among Iranian women: a case control study. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2009; 23 (2) :75-82
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-77-en.html

Staff Member of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of AlliedMedicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , abbasisk@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (5546 Views)

  Abstract

  Background: The Iranian breast cancer patients are relatively younger than their

  Western counterparts. Evidence suggests that alterations in estrogen signaling pathways , including estrogen receptor-α (ER- α ), occur during breast cancer development in Caucasians. Epidemiologic studies have revealed that age-incidence patterns of breast cancer in Asians differ from those in Caucasians. Genomic data for

  ER- α in either population is therefore of value in the clinical setting for the Iranian

  breast cancer .

  Methods: A case-control study was conducted to establish a database of ERpolymorphisms in Iranian women population in order to compare Western and Asian

  with Iranian (Asian-Caucasians) distributions and to evaluate ER- polymorphism as

  an indicator of clinical outcome. DNA samples were prepared from Iranian women

  with breast cancer referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex clinical breast cancer

  group (150 patients) and in healthy individuals (147 healthy control individuals ). PCR single-strand conformation polymorphism technology was performed .

  Results: Asite of silent single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) was found, as reported

  previously in Western and Eastern studies, but at significantly different frequencies .

  The frequency of allele 1 in codon 325 (CCC}CCG) was significantly

  higher in the breast cancer patients (39.6%) than control individuals (28.9% P =

  0.007). The allele 1 had also significant association with the occurrence of lymph

  node metastasis .

  Conclusion: Data suggested that ER- α polymorphisms in exon 4 codon 325 was

  correlated with various aspects of breast cancer in Iran. ER- α genotype, as determined

  during presurgical evaluation, might represent a surrogate marker for predicting

  the breast cancer lymph node metastasis .

 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Medical Genetics

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