Volume 38, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Economics, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr, Isfahan, Iran , hafezi@iaukhsh.ac.ir
Abstract:   (457 Views)
    Background: Inequality in the use of dental services is a primary concern of global health, and few studies have been done in this field in Iran. Therefore, the present study aimed to conduct a decomposition analysis of socioeconomic inequalities in the utilization of oral health services.
    Methods: This was a cross-sectional study in which 715 households, including 2680 people living in Ahvaz, were included using a stratified-cluster sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire. For data analysis and estimating the elasticity of the influencing factors, the logistic model and Stata software were used. The social and economic disparities in oral health variables were broken down into determinant components using the Van Doorslaer and Wagstaff technique.
   Results: The key factors determining social and economic inequalities in the utilization of these services were insurance status, education level, income quintile, and occupation. Nearly 31% of utilization inequalities can be attributed to the insurance status of households. In addition, the education level of household members (about 28%) was the second factor of inequality. The variables of income quintile and occupation are also considered as the third factor, and the age of household members had a negative role in the socioeconomic inequality.
   Conclusion: The utilization of oral health services can be improved by improving economic and social variables in society. Therefore, including oral health services in insurance plans and primary health care services and supporting people with low-income levels can play an important role in reducing these inequalities.
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