Volume 22, Number 4 (2-2009)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2009 | Back to browse issues page


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Saedi D, Mohseni I, Jafari H, Bakhshandeh H, Chalian M. What is the most appropriate test in detecting prostate cancer in patients with intermediate prostate specific antigen levels?. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2009; 22 (4) :191-197
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-17-en.html

Radiologist Iran University of Medical Sciences. Radiology Department, Hasheminejhad Hospital , Daryoush_saedi@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (3725 Views)

  Abstract

  Background: Regarding the variety of tests present for detecting and also screening

  prostate cancer and also bearing in mind the advantages and disadvantages of

  these tests we decided to re-evaluate these tests (total prostate specific antigen and all

  of its modifications) in detecting prostate cancer in men with intermediate serum

  PSAlevels.

  Methods: Following a cross sectional study, 100 consecutive men with intermediate

  serum PSA levels and normal digital rectal examination (DRE) were incorporated.

  Total and free PSA levels and TRUS-guided systematic prostate biopsy were

  performed. PSA density, percent free PSA and percent free PSA density were calculated and compared. Statistical analysis was carried out using STATA8 SE.

  Results: Overall, 27 patients had prostate cancer and 73 had benign prostate pathology. PSA density had the greatest area under the curve (AUC) which was significantly higher than percent free PSA density (0.685 vs. 0.448, p<0.001). The AUC

  of percent free PSA density was not different between benign and malignant biopsy

  results nor was significantly higher than the AUC of percent free PSA (0.308) or any

  other screening tests.

  Conclusion: PSAdensity was the most accurate screening test for prostate cancer

  in patients with PSA levels of 4-10 ng/ml and normal DRE. The percent free PSA

  density was not significantly more accurate than percent free PSA and regarding the

  costs of transrectal ultrasonography, it can be concluded that the percent free PSA is

  more cost-effective and hence more appropriate than percent free PSA density to

  screen prostate cancer.

 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Radiology

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