Volume 31, Issue 1 (1-2017)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2017 | Back to browse issues page


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Hajizadeh S, Ramezani Tehrani F, Simbar M, Farzadfar F. Effects of recruiting midwives into family physician program on the per-centage of low birth weight (LBW) infants in rural areas of Kurdistan. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2017; 31 (1) :535-542
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3172-en.html
Reproductive Endocrinology Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sci-ences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , frtehrani@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (569 Views)

Background: LBW is an important factor that can affect infant mortality and represents an index of economic and social development. It is expected that an increase in the density of midwives attending family physician programs will lead to a decrease in LBW in health centers. This study aimed to compare the percentage of LBW infants before and after the implementation of the family physician program in health centers with and without an increase in midwives density.
  Methods: This cross-sectional study compared the percentage of LBW infants before and after the implementation of family physician programs in rural health centers with and without changes in midwives density in Kurdistan. In this study, we included 668 mothers of 2-month-old children and administered structured interviews in 2005 and 2013. Data were analyzed using the difference-in-differences and the Matchit statistical models.
  Results: The Matchit model showed a significant average percentage increase 0.08 (0.006–0.17) in LBW infants born between 2005 and 2013 in health centers where the density of midwives increased compared with those where it remained unchanged. The difference-in-differences model showed that the odds ratio of LBW infants is increased by more than twice among participants who had a history of caesarean section.
  Conclusion: The results of this study showed that an increase in the density of midwives in a family physician program did not have an impact on reducing the percentage of LBW infants born between 2005 and 2013, in health centers where the density of midwives augmented compared to those where it remained unaltered; it indicated that the increase in the density of midwives alone was not efficient. On the other hand, the results of our study show an increase in the risk of infants born at a LBW due to caesarean section. It is recommended that obstetricians and gynecologists must strictly control pregnancies and avoid unnecessary termination of pregnancy.
 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Health System

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