Volume 23, Number 2 (8-2009)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2009 | Back to browse issues page


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Farahini H, Moghtadaei M, Akbarian E, Pazouki M R, Zangi M, Nayersabeti P et al . Evaluating suppression of PGE2, PAF, and histamine synthesis and histopathological changes of bones in the membrane surrounding particulate polymethylmethacrylate in the rat tibia. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2009; 23 (2) :64-69
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-37-en.html

Medical Researcher, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet Stockholm, Sweden. , eakbarian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (3650 Views)

  Abstract

  Introduction: Inflammation and wear debris may be responsible for bone lysis

  and subsequent lost in aseptic arthroplasty. Prostaglandin E2, platelet activating factor,

  and histamine are important mediators of inflammatory cells. We studied

  histopathological changes of cement-bone interface after using specific antagonists

  of these mediators.

  Methods: Left and right tibiae of 120 rats in ten groups were drilled. The left side

  was filled with polymethylmethacrylate and the right side was used as control. The

  first three groups respectively received 1mg/kg, 10mg/kg, and 25mg/kg of terfenadine,

  the second three groups respectively received 0.08mg/kg, 0.32mg/kg, and

  0.64mg/kg of alprazolam, and the third three groups respectively received 1mg/kg,

  5mg/kg, and 25mg/kg of naproxen. The tenth group received no drug and served as

  the control group. The animals were killed after 16 weeks and studied by one pathologist.

  Results: Cellular reaction in the left side was significantly more than the right side

  in all cases. Medium and high doses of terfenadine and naproxen and high doses of

  alprazolam could also significantly decrease giant cells and histiocytes.

  Conclusion: Increased cellular reaction in the cement-bone interface was suppressed

  by administration of PGE2, PAF, and histamine specific inhibitors. The use

  of these agents may induce retardation of the bone loss associated with early prosthetic

  loosening.

 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Orthopedic Surgery

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