Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Rai A, Babanejad M, Sanadgol S, Karim H, Janjani P, Rai A R et al . Investigation of anemia risk factors and its related outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :766-771
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4122-en.html
Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran , dr_karim@kums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (356 Views)
Background: Anemia is one of the symptoms of hospital patients suffering from ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), which may have a predictive role in short- or long-term complications. This study aimed to identify anemia risk factors and related short- or long-term outcomes in STEMI patients.
   Methods: This was a prospective study of patients older than 18 years diagnosed with STEMI who admitted to Imam Ali hospital from 2014 to 2015. To collect demographic and clinical information related to anemia, a questionnaire compiled by researchers was administered. The collected data were analyzed by SPSS (version 20); also, independent t test and multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to find related risk factors of anemia in STEMI patients. Significance level was set at p < 0.05 for all statistical tests.
   Results: In total, 49 (11.7%) out of 423 patients suffered from anemia. STEMI patients with anemia were more likely to be female (OR = 2.92; CI 95% = 1.58-5. 38), diabetic (OR = 2.5; CI 95% = 1.32- 4.74), ≥ 60 years old (OR = 2.42; CI 95% = 1.24-4.73), nonsmokers (OR = 2.18; CI 95% = 1.07- 4.4), and susceptible to require in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), (OR = 3.12; CI 95% = 1.35- 7.1). In the final analysis, using the Forward Wald model in logistic regression, anemia remained significantly related to female gender (OR = 2.76; CI 95% = 1.42-5.36), diabetes mellitus (OR = 2.38; CI 95% = 1.2-4. 74), and a history of MI (OR = 2.5; CI 95% = 1.04-6.11).
   Conclusion: STEMI patients with anemia are more susceptible to have in-hospital outcomes. Furthermore, female gender, hyperglycemia, and history of MI were factors related to anemia that might have major role in the complications of STEMI.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Epidemiology

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