Volume 18, Issue 4 (11-2005)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2005 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

ALAVI M, TALAIE RAD Z, DADGAR S. ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF INCREASED INTRA VENOUS HYDRATION ON THE COURSE OF LABOR IN NULLIPAROUS TERM PREGNANCIES. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2005; 18 (4) :289-292
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-425-en.html

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shahid Akbarabadi Hospital, Iran University ofMedical Sciences, Tehran, J.R.lran.
Abstract:   (3140 Views)

 ABSTRACT

 Physiologists have shown that increased fluids improve skeletal muscle performance in prolonged exercise. Typical orders provide for 125 mL of intravenous fluids per hour in patients taking limited oral fluids during labor. Our purpose in this study was to determine whether increased intravenous fluids affect the progress oflabor. In a prospective randomized institutional clinical trial, one-hundred ninety-four nulliparous women with uncomplicated singleton gestations at term in spontaneous active labor with dilatation 2-5 em and a cephalic presentation were selected. 82 were designed to receive 250 mL per hour of intravenous normal saline in dextrose water (first group), and 112 to receive 125 mL per hour of the same solution (2nd or control group).

 Prerandomization variables such as mother's age, weight, previous pregnancy history, general health, sex and weight of the newborn, rupture of the membranes and presenting part were balanced between the two groups.

 The frequency of labor lasting> 10 hours was statistically higher in the 125mL group ([16.7%] vs [7.4%] p< 0.0002).

 This study showed that increasing fluid administration for nulliparous women in labor is associated with a shorter duration of the first stage and possibly less need for augmentation of uterine contraction ( [4.8% vs 6.25%] p= 0.002).Thus dehydration in labor may be a contributing factor for dysfunctional labor and need for cesarean-section, and oxytocin infusion.

Full-Text [PDF 3717 kb]   (732 Downloads)