Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Mojallal F, Nikooieh M, Hajimaghsoudi M, Baqherabadi M, Jafari M, Esmaeili A, et al . The effect of intravenous tranexamic acid on preventing the progress of cerebral hemorrhage in patients with brain traumatic injuries compared to placebo: A randomized clinical trial. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :735-740
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4853-en.html
School of Medicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran , m.bagherabadi@ssu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (353 Views)
    Background: Head trauma is one of the common reasons for patient attendance in the emergency ward. This study investigated the effect of tranexamic acid as a cheap, easily available antifibrinolytic drug on reducing the progress of cerebral hemorrhage compared to placebo.
   Methods: This double-blind controlled clinical trial was performed on 120 traumatized patients presenting to the emergency room of Shahid Rahnemoon hospital during 2014-2015, Yazd, Iran. Those patients who met the inclusion criteria were randomly allocated into 2 groups. Group A received tranexamic acid, while group B received placebo parenterally. Finally, 56 patients in Group A and 44 in Group B were analyzed. The patients underwent brain CT scan and were followed up for ICU stay in days. Also, the number of patients who died during the first 7 days of hospitalization was recorded. The data were analyzed with SPSS20 using independent samples t test and chi-square test.
   Results: The mean age of the patients was 41±20.27 years. Also, 20 patients (20%) were female and 80 were male (80%). There was no significant difference between the drug group and placebo group in the rate of hemorrhage volume progress (p=0.824). Regarding patients’ ICU stay, the ICU stay of the tranexamic acid group decreased significantly compared to the placebo group (p=0.001). No significant difference was found between the intervention group and placebo group in the mortality rate of patients during the first 7 days of hospitalization (p=0.236).
   Conclusion: Tranexamic acid has no effect on reducing cerebral hemorrhage volume in patients. Although this drug was not effective in reducing mortality rate in patients, it decreased their ICU stay.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Neurology

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