Volume 32, Issue 1 (2-2018)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2018 | Back to browse issues page

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Soleymani F, Safari palangi H, Sarabi Asiabar A, Keshtkar A, Mohammadi M, Akbari Sari A et al . Costs of hospital-acquired infection for patients hospitalized in intensive care unit of an Iranian referral hospital . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2018; 32 (1) :388-393
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4861-en.html
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , hossein.comely@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2715 Views)
Background: Hospital infections have affected millions of people around the world and are considered as one of the most important issues related to patient safety. Therefore, this study was conducted to estimate the extra costs caused by hospital-acquired infections in hospitals.
   Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted in Tehran province, Iran, in 2017. Medical records of 235 patients hospitalized in one of Tehran hospitals were reviewed for the study.  They were divided into case (90 patients) and control (145 patients) groups. Data were analyzed using SPSS and STATA software.
   Results: Results revealed no significant relationship between age and gender with the incidence of nosocomial infection (p>0.05).  However, the chance of nosocomial infection is most affected by length of hospital stay and costs paid by patients. Moreover, nosocomial infection increases the length of hospital stay up to 25 days.  Our results revealed that the mean±SD hospital stay of infected and non-infected patients were 15.8±17.2 and 40.8±19.1 days, respectively. Furthermore, the total cost of patients without any hospital infection was 2451±3098 USD (83 674 480±105 765 500 Rials). On the other hand, the cost for infected patients was 3264±6078 USD   (207 497 500±111 430 700 Rials).
   Conclusion: Hospital-acquired infections can impose great costs on both patients and the health system. The results of this study indicated the importance of taking specific measures for infection control in hospitals.
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