Volume 33, Issue 1 (2-2019)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2019 | Back to browse issues page

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Daemi A, Ravaghi H, Jafari M. Risk factors of neonatal mortality in Iran: a systematic review . Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2019; 33 (1) :528-534
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-4941-en.html
Department of Health Services Management, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , ravaghi.h@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1325 Views)
Background: Reducing neonatal mortality is an important measure to reduce the overall under-five-years’ mortality. Identifying the risk factors is the first step in this regard. This study performed with the aim of determining the risk factors of the neonatal mortality in Iran.
   Methods: Databases of SID, MagIran, IranMedex, IronDoc and Google Scholar for the Persian resources and Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, Ovid, EMBASE, ISI web of science and Cochrane for English resources were searched up to January 2017. The inclusion criteria were the studies analyzing at least one risk factor for neonatal mortality in Iran with a control group and multivariate regression analysis. Eight papers met the inclusion criteria. The risk factors were extracted and tabulated.
   Results: Of the 1713 records retrieved, 8 were eligible to include in the analysis. Preterm birth, low birth weight, smoking and addiction, and anomaly were the important risk factors of neonatal mortality in Iran. Moreover, an extended list of potential risk factors identified on most of which the evidence was controversial and insufficient. The factors categorized into modifiable and identifiable ones.
   Conclusion: On the modifiable risk factors, proper intervention, and on the non-modifiable ones, early detection and special care may be helpful in preventing the babies from death. Population-based studies with large sample size and multivariate analysis are needed to make clear the effect size of the identified risk factors.
Full-Text [PDF 463 kb]   (470 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Neonatal

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