Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezapour A, Alidoost S, Asgharzadeh A, Farhadi Z, Khodadadi N, Mohammadi Bakhsh R, et al . Cost-effectiveness of allopurinol versus febuxostat in the treatment of gout patients: A systematic review. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :285-292
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5347-en.html
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , alidoost.s@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (975 Views)
Background: In recent years, increased longevity, poor dietary habits, and the rising prevalence of metabolic syndrome and hypertension have increased the prevalence of gout. Gout significantly increases direct and indirect costs and reduces the quality of life. Allopurinol and febuxostat are the most commonly used drugs for reducing uric acid levels and controlling this disease with different cost-effectiveness. The present systematic review compares the cost-effectiveness of these drugs.
   Methods: This was a systematic review of economic evaluations. Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science, PubMed, Embase, and the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA) Registry were searched up to April 30, 2018, based on the specific search strategy of each database. Keywords used in the search include gout, cost-effectiveness, allopurinol, and febuxostat in MeSH and free-text forms. Screening of identified studies, data extraction, and quality assessment were done independently by 2 reviewers. The quality of studies was assessed based on Drummond Checklist. Finally, a qualitative analysis was done to analyze the results.
   Results: A total of 94 studies were identified through database search and the review of references. After screening the titles, abstracts, and full-texts, 6 economic evaluations were included in the review. The majority of the studies had been conducted in the US using the Markov model, within a 5-year horizon, and from the payer’s perspective, with the quality of life as a measure of effectiveness. In most studies, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) of febuxostat per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) were below the threshold (10 000$/QALY and 30 000€/QALY).
    Conclusion: Febuxostat has been shown to be more cost-effective than allopurinol in all treatment sequences in studies that have used uric acid levels as the measure of effectiveness. Furthermore, in studies with the quality of life as the measure of effectiveness, febuxostat has been shown to be very cost-effective as the second-line treatment.
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