Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavangar F, Rafiey H, Noorbala A A, Nosrati Nejad F, Ghaedamini Harouni G, Ghiasvand H, et al . Development and validation of an inventory to measure stressful events: Findings from a population-based survey. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :337-343
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5663-en.html
Department of Social Welfare Management, & Social Welfare Management Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran , ha.rafiey@uswr.ac.ir
Abstract:   (498 Views)
Background: Development of tools for measuring stress has been considered by mental health researchers for many years. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a "Stressful Events Inventory"(SEI) using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses.
   Methods: Using a representative sample (n=6000) from all people who reside in Tehran, the validity of the inventory was confirmed by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, and its reliability was also confirmed by Cronbach's alpha.
   Results: Eleven major sets of stressful events were identified as follow: political problems (α=0.731), neighborhood’s problems  (α=0.739), livelihood problems (α=0.609), fear of the future (α=0.663), educational events (α=0.635), educational changes (α=0.704), individual changes (α=0.463), occupational difficulties (α=0.64), housing problems (α=0.69), problems related to occupational relations (α=0.46), and family problems (α=0.69). The value of correlation between the factors was equal to 0.82 and the value of variance determined by these factors was 0.49 (r^2=0.49). In the confirmatory factor analysis, these factors also had an appropriate fitness (RMSEA=0.02).
   Conclusion: The developed instrument has suitable psychometric properties, which make it appropriate for future research on psychosocial stress.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Health

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