Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Amidi Naeini A, Ranjbar H, Mohammadsadeghi H, Alavi K, Ahmadkhaniha H, Rasoulian M. Assessment of psychiatrists’ approaches regarding disclosure of psychiatric disorders to their patients: a qualitative study. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :574-579
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-5668-en.html
Mental Health Research Center, Psychosocial Health Research Institute, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran , rasoulian.m@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (916 Views)
Background: Diagnosis disclosure is the result of a shift in medical approaches from traditional paternalism to participatory and patient-centered decision making. Disclosure of psychiatric diagnosis remained uncommon and controversial. Giving information about psychiatric illnesses is very complicated, and it is affected by several factors. While clinical guidelines provide a clear pathway for treating patients, in practice, the treatment of patients is influenced by cultural and social factors. The aim of the current study was a qualitative assessment of psychiatrists’ approaches regarding the disclosure of psychiatric disorders to their patients.
   Methods: The current study was conducted with a qualitative approach. The participants were purposefully selected psychiatrists from three medical universities in Tehran, Iran. The data gathered using the semi-structured interview method. Sixteen interviews with 14 psychiatrists were conducted. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis.
   Results: Psychiatrists decide to disclose the diagnosis based on several factors. We summarized these factors in a central theme, passive situational decision making based on paternalism and displacement of responsibility. It has two subthemes, including “passive and situational decision making” and “paternalism and displacement of responsibility.” Each theme presented by detailed quotations.
   Conclusion: The results of this study showed that psychiatrists did not actively disclose the diagnosis name to patients. Diagnosis disclosure was influenced by several factors, such as the certainty about the diagnosis and the severity of the disease. This passive approach does not respect the patient's rights. The paternalistic nature of this approach mandates psychiatrists to consider themselves as the responsible perosn for their patients’ welfare.
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