Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page


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Abbasi-Ghahramanloo A, Janani L, Malakouti S K, Rabetian M, Rimaz S. Prevalence of cigarette smoking and its related factors among Iranian male workers. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :1031-1036
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6052-en.html
Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Psychosocial Health Research Institute (PHRI) & Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , janani.l@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (106 Views)
Background: Smoking is considered as the second leading risk factor of early death and disability throughout the world.  Smoking is the second leading risk factor of early death and disability in the world. The workplace is an important setting for the implementation of cigarette smoking prevention and control interventions. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cigarette smoking and related factors by focusing on ADHD and risk-taking behaviors among a sample of Iranian workers.
   Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 2434 male workers of Kaveh Industrial City in Saveh. Random cluster sampling was used in the selection of workers.  All workers completed five sets of anonymous and validated questionnaires. ADHD was measured by Conner’s Adult ADHD Rating Scales. Data analysis was done using chi-square, independent t-test and logistic regression model in STATA 10. Also, P-value <0.05 was considered statistically significant.
   Results: The mean age of the workers was 32.80±7.05 years. The prevalence of cigarette smoking in the lifetime, last year, last month, and daily or almost daily  in the last month were 26.2%, 20.6% , 18.5%, and 13.1% respectively. After adjustment, age (OR=1.08), sensation seeking (OR=1.57), hookah smoking (OR=4.21), alcohol use (OR=2.51), sexual risk behaviors (OR=2.25), religiosity (OR=0.95) and self-esteem (OR=2.02) were associated with cigarette smoking.
   Conclusion: Our results showed that 13.1 % of workers were regular smokers (daily or almost daily). Specific programs in workplaces, including interventions to enhance self-steam and reduce anxiety, can be effective in lowering cigarette smoking prevalence. Also, comprehensive interventions to reduce or prevent different risk-taking behaviors can be considered as elements of preventive action plans.
 
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Epidemiology

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