Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page


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Zerafati-Shoae N, Jamshidi E, Salehi L, Asgari Taee F. How to increase community participation capacity in food environment policymaking: Results of a scoping review. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :114-124
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6060-en.html
Community Based Participatory Research Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High-Risk Behaviours, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , e_jamshidi@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (984 Views)
Background: Food environment plays a major role in health outcomes. A growing interest in community-based participatory research (CBPR) has led to its application in the improvement of the food environment. This scoping review aims to compile and map the literature and identify key strategies used for increasing community participation capacity in the food environment policymaking process.
   Methods: The scoping review of peer-reviewed articles on community participation and food environment policymaking followed the framework suggested by Arksey and Ochr('39')Malley (2005). Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science were searched. A charting table was developed to extract the key information of each identified study. A directed content analysis approach was used to assign retrieved codes into categories proposed by Foster-Fishman.
   Results: A total of 28 studies were included in this review. Most studies used the CBPR approach to involve the community at least in the problem identification step of the policymaking process (n=12) and 7 studies reported their involvement in all the steps of policymaking. In 15 out of 28 studies, the level of community participation was at “involvement” and in 8 studies it was at “empowerment”. Strategies for increasing relational capacity, member capacity, programmatic capacity, and organizational capacity of community participation were reviewed.
   Conclusion: To improve food environment using the community-participation approach, identifying different strategies and adjusting them based on the social and political context of each society is of high importance.
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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Health

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