Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahmand B, Pourhosaingholi E, Bagheri A. Investigating the effects of volar wrist cock-up splint and dorsal lock wrist hand orthosis in reducing signs of carpal tunnel syndrome. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :413-417
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6258-en.html
Department of Orthotics & Prosthetics, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , ensiehpmd@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (105 Views)
Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common compressive neuropathy presenting with sharp pain, parenthesis, dysfunction of the hand in coordination and gripping. Splinting is the most common conservative intervention to improve pain and enological symptom of this Syndrome (CTS). With regard to the importance of these interventions and controversies about different designs of splints, the aim of this study was to compare the therapeutic effects of volar wrist cock-up orthosis and dorsal lock wrist hand orthosis on pain, sensory and motor latency in carpal tunnel syndrome.
   Methods: In this Randomized controlled trial study, 30 patients diagnosed with mild to moderate CTS were recruited. The subjects were randomly divided into two equal groups. Both groups received one form of splints for three weeks. Before receiving the splints, Electromyography (EMG) and Visual analog scale (VAS) were performed. Then, two different designs of splints were used for a period of three weeks. After that, EMG and Numerical Rating Scale (NRS-11) were repeated to reveal the effects of splints on reducing pain, sensory and motor latency in CTS. Independent t and paired t-tests were done uding SPSS software version 19.0 . P-value was set at 0.05.
   Results: All the variables in both groups showed significant improvement. The NRS-11 test was significantly improved in the dorsal lock wrist hand orthosis group (p<0.05).
   Conclusion: This study showed that the use of the dorsal lock wrist hand orthosis for about three weeks was significantly improved pain and neurological symptoms of patients with CTS because of maintaining the wrist in the neutral position. Knowing this fact helps us to design and make a less cumbersome and restrictive splint with an accurate position for the wrist and distal joints.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Prosthetics and Orthotics

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