Volume 34, Issue 1 (2-2020)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2020 | Back to browse issues page

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Rashki kemmak A, Reazpour A, Jahangiri R, Nikjoo S, Farabi H, Soleimanpour S. Economic burden of osteoporosis in the world: A systematic review. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2020; 34 (1) :1054-1061
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6391-en.html
2. Health Management and Economics Research Center, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , rezapour.a@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (131 Views)
Background: Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease that is associated with a reduction in bone mass and microstructures and deterioration of bone tissue. It is also associated with an increased risk of fracture that is the most important complication of osteoporosis. The knowledge about costs and economic aspects of osteoporosis plays an important role in making policies and planning measures for the prevention and management of this disease; hence, this study systematically investigated the available evidence on the costs associated with osteoporosis worldwide.
   Methods: In this systematic review, electronic searches were performed on various online databases, including PubMed, Embase, Scopus, web of science, ProQuest, and Cochrane. The timeframe selected for searching articles was from 1980 to 2018.
   Results: Of a total of 1989 papers, 28 papers were included in the study on the basis of inclusion criteria. Based on the data extracted from the mentioned studies, the mean age of people with osteoporotic fractures was 50 years, with the highest costs associated with hip fractures.
   Conclusion: Our review indicated that the cost of osteoporosis carries a significant economic burden on countries in the world. The main cost drivers in this study were Fracture-related costs. The direct annual cost of treating osteoporotic fractures of people on average is reported to be between 5000 and 6500 billion USD in Canada, Europe and the USA alone, not taking into account indirect costs such as disability and loss of productivity. Prevention of this disease can significantly reduce the costs incurred by the health system.
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