Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghaderi E, Zahraei S M, Moradi G, Goodarzi E, Norouzinejad A, Mohsenpour B, et al . Geographical distribution of Typhoid using Geographic Information System (GIS) during 2009-2014 in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :270-276
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6461-en.html
Department of Public Health ,School of Medicine, Dezful University of Medical Sciences, Dezful, Iran , Zaherkhazaei@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (135 Views)
Background: Salmonella induced infections remain one of the most important health problems worldwide. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence and geographical distribution of typhoid using GIS and to predict its incidence in Iran in 2021.
   Methods: This study is a descriptive analytical study. Information on pertussis was obtained from the Center for Communicable Diseases Control during 2009-2015. In the next step, ArcGIS 9.3 was used to prepare geographic maps of the disease incidence and frequency Therefore, using the Raster Calculator tool, the disease prediction map was drawn.
   Results: The results showed that the highest incidence of typhoid during 2009-2014 was in Kermanshah, Lorestan, Hamadan, Kurdistan, and Ilam provinces. The incidence of typhoid in Iran increased during 2009-2010. The annual incidence of typhoid decreased from 0.85 per 100,000 in 2010 to 0.5 in 2014. Based on the modeling results for Iran, Kermanshah, Lorestan, Kurdistan, Ilam and Hamadan provinces with 92.17%, 46.56%, 31.74%, 25.62% and 22.96% of their areas (Km2) are at high risk for typhoid in the coming years, respectively.
   Conclusion: Considering that the provinces of Kermanshah, Lorestan, Kurdistan, Ilam, and Hamadan are at risk of typhoid incidence in the coming years in Iran, and given that salmonella infections have a direct relationship with the individual’s health status and individual’s environmental health and socioeconomic status, improving the health status and disease control in carriers as well as improving the socio-economic status of the population living in these areas can prevent the disease in the years to come.
Keywords: Incidence, Typhoid, GIS, Iran
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Epidemiology

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