Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Kalantari A R, Mehrolhassani M H, Shati M, Dehnavieh R. Health service delivery models for elderly people: A systematic review. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :143-156
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6774-en.html
Health Foresight and Innovation Research Center, Institute for Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran , r_dehnavi@kmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (520 Views)
    Background: Current Health care delivery systems are not effective for the elderly. Countries with high elderly populations are expected to design special models to serve their elderly population. The aim of this study is to investigate the models of health care delivery to the elderly in different countries.
   Methods: The present study is a systematic review based on PRISMA standard guidelines. The search for related studies was conducted in electronic databases (Cochran Library, Scopus, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science) and the Google Scholar search engine without time limits until May 2019. Keywords were extracted based on MeSH strategies. At first, 16243 articles were found. After the screening phase (elimination of duplicated articles, title screening, abstract screening, and full-text screening) 19 articles remained. Two articles deleted after text appraisal using the CASP checklist. In the next stage, after reviewing the gray literature and reviewing the references of remaining articles, three new articles were added (Included studies = 20).
   Results: Twenty articles (models) corresponding to the study objectives were finally extracted. These models are limited to nine countries and most have local scopes. These models mainly use a case manager, an intra- or inter-disciplinary team, and an elderly assessment tool in their structure. In addition to the use of an information system, these models provide a wide range of services to the elderly.
   Conclusion: Most of the models mentioned are local models. Smaller models to become applicable at the national level, they need to be reviewed and evaluated by policymakers and experts. Given the inefficiency of current systems in providing services to the elderly, it is recommended that countries use an integrated model of health care provision for the elderly.
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Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Geriatric Medicine

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