Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page


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Jarineshin H, Saljoughi F, Estabraghnia Babaki H, Hassaniazad M, kheirandish M, Ghanbarnejad A et al . Clinical features of 50 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus in Bandar Abbas, Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :50-59
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6794-en.html
Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran , sh.sohrabipour@hums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (330 Views)
Background: There is sparse information to describe the clinical features and outcomes of patients infected with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
    Methods: In a single-center retrospective observational study, 50 patients infected with COVID-19 were studied. Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and treatment data were collected and analyzed. Outcomes of critically ill patients and noncritically ill patients were compared.
    Results: The mean age of the patients was 48.8 years, with male predominance. Dry cough, fever, and dyspnea were the most complaining symptoms on admission. Chronic medical illnesses before admission were present in 56% of the patients. The most common laboratory abnormalities were lymphopenia, neutrophilia, thrombocytopenia, increased aspartate aminotransferase, high serum creatinine level, elevated lactate dehydrogenase, and increasing ESR and CRP levels. Bilateral mixed ground-glass opacity and consolidation were observed in chest CT scan of most patients. Some patients required supplemental oxygen and some needed invasive mechanical ventilation. Blood oxygen saturation was different between survivors and nonsurvivors. 10% of patients died, of whom 60% were men. 40% of dead cases had chronic medical illnesses; 60% underwent invasive mechanical ventilation.
   Conclusion: Among the patients diagnosed with COVID-19 infection, the frequent clinical presentation was with a wide range of signs and symptoms. The laboratory changes suggest that COVID-19 infection may be related to cellular immune deficiency, myocardial, hepatic, and kidney injury. Additional research is needed to elucidate COVID-19 pathogenesis.
 
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Infectious Disease

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