Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page


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Eslami P, R. Niakan Kalhori S, Taheriyan M. eHealth solutions to fight against COVID-19: A scoping review of applications. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :327-340
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6985-en.html
1. Department of Health Information Management, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m-taherian@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (128 Views)
    Background: eHealth has a notable potential to help in prevention, diagnosis, treatment, screening, management, and control of the COVID-19 pandemic. Since ehealth is considered here broadly, as an umbrella term, it also covers subsets like telehealth and mhealth. This study aimed to review the literature to identify and classify subdomains of eHealth solutions that have been utilized, developed, or suggested for the COVID-19 pandemic.
   Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed using the PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane library databases in April 2020, with no time limitation. The search strategy was built based on 2 concept domains of eHealth solutions and covid-19. For each concept domain, the search query comprised a combination of free text keywords identified from reference papers and controlled vocabulary terms. Obtained results were classified, graphically presented, and discussed.
   Results: Of the 423 studies identified initially, 35 were included in this study. From related papers, general characteristics, study objective, eHealth-related outcomes, target populations, eHealth interventions, health service category, eHealth solution, and eHealth domain were extracted, classified, and tabulated. Most publication types were ideas, editorials, or opinions (46%). The most targeted populations were people of the community and medical staff (80%). The most implemented or suggested eHealth solution was telehealth (63%), followed by mhealth, health information technology, and health data analytics. Most of the COVID-19 ehealth interventions designed or suggested for improving prevention (48%) and diagnosis (48%). Most of the studies applied or proposed eHealth solutions for general practice or epidemiological purposes (48%).
   Conclusion: eHealth solutions have the potential to provide useful services to help in COVID-19 pandemics in terms of prevention, diagnosis, treatment, screening, surveillance, resource allocation, education, management, and control. The obtained results from this review might be used for a better understanding of current ehealth solutions provided or recommended in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: COVID 19

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