Volume 23, Issue 2 (8-2009)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2009 | Back to browse issues page


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Mohammadzadeh A, Mokhtari N, Farhat A, Amiri R, Esmaeli H. Birth weight and the risk of childhood hearing impairment. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2009; 23 (2) :70-74
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-76-en.html

Neonatologist, Professor Neonatal Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Science, , mohamadzadeha@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (4406 Views)

 Abstract

 Background: Low birth weight neonates are confronted with some problems after

 birth, they should be followed up and evaluated at different ages of life.The aim of this study was to determine the impact of birth weight on the risk of sensorineural hearing impairment on children.

 Method: This cross sectional and retrospective study determined the prevalence

 of hearing problems in low birth weight and normal birth weight school age children.

 The sample was consisted of 2400 children who referred to special educational organization for hearing screening before entrance to school in Mashhad - Iran between

 June 2005 and June 2006. Hearing problems were checked in all groups. Case definition was based on the mean sensorineural hearing loss of more than 35 decibel (dB) hearing level (HL) and in the better-hearing ear averaged over the pure-tone hearing thresholds at 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Htz. The results were then compared the low birth weight and normal birth weight children.

 Result: This study showed that prevalence of hearing problems was 1.4%. The

 prevalence of hearing impairment in low birth weight (LBW) was 2.1% and 1.3% in

 normal birth weight (NBW). There wasn't significant difference in hearing impairment

 between two groups (p=0.255).

 Conclussion: In this study there was no significant difference between low birth

 weight and normal birth weight children in hearing impairment although other studies

 indicated that the risks of hearing impairment increase with the LBW and low

 gestational age neonates. More investigation is needed for detecting the subtle hearing

 problems in children.

 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Pediatric

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