Volume 23, Number 2 (8-2009)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2009 | Back to browse issues page


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Nikbahkt Dastjerdi M, Faghani M, Salehi M, Rabbani M. A preliminary study of microsatellite instability analysis in different genotypes of p53 codon 72 in breast invasive ductal carcinomas. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2009; 23 (2) :83-89
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-78-en.html

Associate Professor Dept. of Anatomical Sciences, Medical school, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan,Iran , nikbakht@med.mui.ac.ir,
Abstract:   (3284 Views)

  Abstract

  Background: The polymorphic variants at codon 72 of the p53 gene, encoding either

  proline or arginine at residue 72, produce marked change in the structure of p53.

  From the evidence that the DNAmismatch repair system and p53 interact to maintain

  genomic integrity, we hypothesized that the codon 72 variation may influence the

  prevalence of microsatellite instability a feature of malignancies associated with

  mismatch repair deficiency in breast invasive ductal carcinoma.

  Methods: TP53 codon 72 genotypes were detected by PCR using specific primer

  pairs for amplifying the Proline or the Arginine Alleles. Then, the frequencies of microsatellite instability (MSI) were analyzed in three genotypes of P53 codon 72 using

  genomic DNAs from 120 specimens of breast ductal carcinomas by testing the

  BAT-26 marker .

  Results: From 120 specimens, 73(60.8%) was Arg/Arg, 31(25.8%) Arg/Pro and

  16(13.3%) Pro/Pro. MSI analysis revealed that 24.2% of the tumors (29 patients) was

  microsatellite instability-positive and 75.8% (91 patients) was microsatellite instability

  -negative. The frequency of microsatellite instability in the Arginine/Arginine,

  Arginine/ Proline and Proline/Proline genotypes were 14 (19.2%), 12 (38.7%) and 3

  (18.8%) respectively. A significant difference in distribution of MSI was found for

  the Arginine/ Proline genotype compared with (grouped) Arginine/Arginine and Proline/

  Proline genotypes (P=0.028).

  Conclusion: Our findings suggested that breast invasive ductal carcinomas arising

  in individuals with p53 codon 72 heterozygosity (Arginine/Proline) may be preferentially

  prone to microsatellite instability more than other genotypes.

 

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Anatomical Sciences

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