Volume 38, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohebbi F, Alavi K, Jalali Nadoushan A H, Saeidi M, Mahdiar M, Bakhshijoibari F et al . Evaluation of Met and Unmet Needs in Patients with Severe Psychiatric Disorders and its Relation to the Quality of Life: A Cross-Sectional Study. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024; 38 (1) :50-56
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8691-en.html
Geriatric Mental Health Research Center, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , malakouti.k@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (605 Views)
Background: Paying attention to the needs of patients with psychiatric disorders has recently come into focus. Failure to meet the needs of patients can affect their quality of life. This study aimed to determine the main areas of the needs of patients with severe psychiatric disorders and evaluate their relationship with the quality of life.
   Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 174 patients with severe mental illness who were referred to Iran Psychiatric Hospital for hospitalization or outpatient treatment were enrolled in this study (68 with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder, 106 with bipolar disorder type 1). A qualified psychiatry resident conducted interviews with each patient to determine their needs using the Camberwell Assessment of Need Short Appraisal Schedule (CANSAS) and the severity of their illness using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), and Young Mania Rating Scale. A checklist for demographic data and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire was completed by patients. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Since the number of needs distribution was not normal, we used the Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and chi-square tests for qualitative variables.
   Results: The total number of patient needs was 9 (mean = 9.1, SD = 3.7). The most unmet needs were intimate relationships (69.5%), sexual expression (65.5%), and information on condition and treatment (51.1%). Unmet needs showed a negative correlation with the quality of life (P < 0.001) and a positive correlation with the severity of depression (P = 0.045), negative symptoms (P = 0.001), and general psychopathology (P < 0.001).
   Conclusion: A higher number of unmet needs of severe psychiatric patients is associated with lower quality of life and more severe disorders.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry

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