Volume 38, Issue 1 (1-2024)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024 | Back to browse issues page

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Bemanian M H, Ghelichi-Ghojogh M, Aghapour S A. A New Approach to Eliminate Hymenoptera Venom Grading Sensitization Test in the North Iran: Cross-Sectional Study. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2024; 38 (1) :6-9
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-8764-en.html
Neonatal and Children’s Health Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran , dr.aghapour@gouma.ac.ir
Abstract:   (499 Views)
Background: Anaphylaxis is an allergic reaction which occurs with or without the stimulation of the immune system. Hymenoptera stings are common causes of anaphylaxis in the world. Skin tests are the first-line diagnostic measure for Hymenoptera anaphylaxis. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety of a single-step approach in sensitization testing for Hymenoptera venom.
   Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2019 in Golestan province the north of Iran. The sample population consisted of 140,000 individuals covered by 84 rural healthcare centers in the vicinity of Gorgan, Iran. Thirty-three patients agreed to receive the diagnostic test. In this research, in contrast to the 2011 ACAAI guideline, the extracts of venom of three types of Hymenoptera were injected intra-dermally without any dilution at the concentration of 1 μg/ml.
  Results: The results of the skin test in the patients bitten by honey bee, yellow jacket, and paper wasp were negative in 15.2%, 15.2%, and 21.2% of the cases, respectively. After the test, no allergic reaction was observed, with the exception of a minor skin reaction, which improved within a short time. These preventive measures were taken during the test for the following four hours when the patient was present at the test site and up to 48 hours afterward via follow-up from the healthcare center to the home of the patient.
  Conclusion: The results of our study showed that the non-diluted single injection of the Hymenoptera sting was accompanied by no side effects.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Immunology

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