Volume 23, Issue 4 (2-2010)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2010 | Back to browse issues page

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Moosavy S H, Froutan H, Habibi M, Aghazadeh N, Andrabi Y. Gallstone ileus and a three centimeters stone in terminal ileum: a case report. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2010; 23 (4) :241-246
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-124-en.html
Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Gastroenterologist, Shahid Mohammadi Hospital Bandarabbas, Hormozgan, Iran. , seyedhamid _moosavy@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4504 Views)


  Gallstone ileus is a rare complication of cholelithiasis found in less than 0.5% of

  patients. It is an uncommon cause of small bowel obstruction, accounting for 1% to

  3% of all mechanical bowel obstructions and over 25% of nonstrangulated bowel obstructions in patients older than 65 years with a female predominance.

  We report a 60-year-old woman who was referred to our hospital because of abdominal

  pain, nausea, vomiting and constipation forty days prior to admission. An upright abdominal X-ray showed air fluid levels and an oval calcified opacity in the

  region of right iliac fossa. The ultrasonographic examination revealed air in billiary

  tree and several small stones in the gallbladder. Follow up of abdominopelvic CT

  scan showed severe distention of small intestinal loops, pneumobilia and a 3cm-calcified

  intraluminal mass. The clinical diagnosis of gallstone illeus was made, but unfortunately

  her general condition worsened with the decline in Glasgow Coma Scale

  declined since she was suffered an extensive cerebrovascular accident and eventually

  she died of cardiac arrest. Inspired by the mentioned case we reviewed the literature

  on the cause, diagnosis and treatment of gallstone ileus.


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