Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Al-Dawood E, Zafar M. Association between metabolic syndrome and bone mineral density among menopausal Saudi women: Case-control study. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2021; 35 (1) :188-196
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6744-en.html
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Hail, Hail, KSA , researchmubshir@outlook.com
Abstract:   (367 Views)
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and osteoporosis are two of the world's major healthcare issues. There are several studies which explored the association between MetS and bone mineral density (BMD), but all of them are cross-sectional. These studies cover all populations, including expatriated, which did not determine the actual problem among Saudi women. This is the first case-control study that determines the causal relationship between MetS and BMD. The objective of this study is to determine the relationship between metabolic syndrome and bone mass density among Saudi menopausal women in Eastern Province - Saudi Arabia.
   Methods: It’s a case-control study and 380 menopausal Saudi women were selected through simple random sampling. They were divided into 190 cases with osteoporosis and 190 without osteoporosis. Bone Mineral Density (BMD) at the total hip was determined using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). T score was calculated. The association between the risk factors of MetS and bone mineral density was determined by binary logistic regression analysis using SPSS (statistical package of social science) software.
   Results: Among women, the prevalence of MetS was substantially higher in those with osteoporosis. The Mets is positively correlated with bone mineral density. (r=0.08, p=0.051). The occurrence of MetS was associated with increased osteoporosis among Saudi women (B=0.004; p=0.005) after adjustment of confounders. The existence of obesity was significantly associated with increased odds of Bone marrow density among women (OR 2.56; 95 % CI, 2.22-3.44; p=0.030) after adjustment of confounders.
   Conclusion: The incidence of MetS was associated with osteoporosis in Saudi women. 
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Gynecology & Obstetrics

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