Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Kouchakian M, Koruji M, Najafi M, Moniri S F, Asgari A, Shariatpanahi M, et al . Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells express cholinergic neuron markers during co-culture with amniotic membrane cells and retinoic acid induction. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :962-968
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6662-en.html
Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, & Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Research Center, & Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , asgari.hr@iums.ac.ir, hamidrezaasgari99@gmail.com
Abstract:   (988 Views)
Background: A wide variety of cytokines are released from human amniotic membrane cells (hAMCs), which can increase the rate of differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells into the neurons. We studied the effect of Retinoic Acid (RA) on the differentiation rate of human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells (hUMSCs) which were co-cultured with hAMCs.
   Methods: In this experimental study, both hUMSCs and hAMCs were isolated from postpartum human umbilical cords and placenta respectively. The expression of mesenchymal (CD73, CD90 and CD105), hematopoietic and endothelial (CD34 and CD45) markers in hUMSCs were confirmed by flow cytometry. The hUMSCs were cultured in four distinct groups: group 1) Control, group 2) Co-culture with hAMCs, group 3) RA treatment and group 4) Co-culture with hAMCs treated by RA. Twelve days after culturing, the expression of NSE, MAP2 and ChAT differentiation genes and their related proteins were examined by real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry respectively.
   Results: The flow-cytometry analysis indicated increased expression of mesenchymal markers and a low expression of both hematopoietic and endothelial markers (CD73:98.24%, CD90: 97.32%, CD105: 90.75%, CD34: 2.96%, and CD45:1.74%). Moreover, the expression of both NSE and MAP2 markers was increased significantly in all studied groups in comparison to the control group  On the other hand, the expression of ChAT had a significant increase in the group 2 and 4 (RA and RA+ co-culture).
   Conclusion: RA can be used as an effective inducer to differentiate hUMSCs into cholinergic-like cells, and hAMCs could increase the number of differentiated cells as an effective factor.
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