Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Saneii S H, Amini M, Pashmdartfard M. Development of social participation classification system for children with cerebral palsy. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :1178-1183
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-6989-en.html
Rehabilitation Research Center, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , malekamini8@gmail.com
Abstract:   (853 Views)
Background: Some classification systems have been designed to measure domains of function of children with cerebral palsy (CP), including the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), Manual Ability Classification System (MACS), Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), and Communication Function Classification System (CFCS). The purpose of the present study was to develop a Social Participation Classification System for children with cerebral palsy (SPCS) with a 5-level sequential scale (level 1 the lowest and level 5 the highest level of participation) and assess its reliability.
   Methods: In this cross-sectional analytic study, 274 parents of 6 to 12 year-old children with CP were asked to complete the questionnaires (CPAS-P, MACS, GMFCS, and CFCS) for their child. The expert review consisting of 10 occupational therapists with at least 5 years of experience working with children with CP was asked to rate the level of social participation with a 5-level sequential scale (level 1 the lowest and level 5 the highest level of participation) of these children according to the variables (intelligent quotient [IQ], CP type, walking ability, GMFCS, CFCS, and MACS). Then, these data were analyzed using the polynomial discriminant function. After performing discriminant function, a flowchart model was determined for the level of children's social participation. To calculate the reliability of the model, 53 new samples were collected and their level of social participation was determined based on the flowchart model. The experts were then asked to determine the social participation level of these 53 new samples in the same manner as before, and then to calculate reliability, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and Cronbach alpha. The SPSS Version 22 (SPSS Inc) and discriminant function model analysis was used for statistical analysis.
   Results: Based on the discriminant function model, the results between the predicted classification and expert review are over 88% consistent. The ICC and Cronbach alpha values were 0.952 and 0.975, respectively, with absolute agreement and multivariate mixed effects.
   Conclusion: Based on the results of the present study, the SPCS was developed in 5 levels (very low, low, moderate, high, and very high) and to determine it, the GMFCS, MACS, and CFCS scores, CP type, and IQ level should be calculated.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy

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