Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Mehdizadeh M, Parkhideh S, Salari S, Roshandel E, Kazemi M H, Bonakchi H, et al . Risk Factors of Graft-Versus-Host Disease in the Iranian Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: A 10-Year Experience. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :1083-1089
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7006-en.html
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , hajifathali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1065 Views)
Background: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a serious complication associated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Thus, it is necessary to evaluate the risk factors of GVHD in allo-HSCT. Herein, we studied the effects of some risk factors on GVHD incidence in patients with allo-HSCT.
   Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the GVHD incidences and risk factors in 199 patients diagnosed with hematological disorders who underwent allo-HSCT in Taleghani hospital, Tehran, Iran, between 2007 and 2017. The univariable and multivariable analyses of time to event data were performed using the Logistic regression model. Computations were performed using SAS, and the level of statistical significance for univariable and multivariable analyses was set at 20% and 10%, respectively.
   Results: Acute GVHD (aGVHD) was seen in 59 (29.6%) patients, and 18 (9%) patients developed chronic GVHD (cGVHD). The odds of GVHD incidence in male to female transplants was 3.49 times greater than the male-to-male transplantations (CI, 1.16, 11.5; p<0.001). The patients with body mass index (BMI) below 18.5 had 96% lower odds of GVHD incidence compared with those with BMI above 30 (CI, 0.007-0.27; p=0.013). The odds of GVHD incidence in patients who were negative for cytomegalovirus (CMV) antigen was 76% lower than patients with positive CMV antigen (CI, 0.06-0.93; p=0.081).
   Conclusion: In a nutshell, our results indicated that the donor-recipient gender disparity, the recipient's BMI, and CMV infection/reactivation status might be pivotal risk factors, which should be taken into account for prevention and management of GVHD.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Hematology

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