Volume 36, Issue 1 (1-2022)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2022 | Back to browse issues page


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Razavi M R, Vahedian M, Motharinejad F, Jafari H J, Akhavan Sepahi M. Effect of Polycitra-K and Bicitra in the Treatment of Pediatric Nephrolithiasis: A Double-Blind Randomized Trial. Med J Islam Repub Iran. 2022; 36 (1) :503-507
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7222-en.html
Department of Pediatric Nephrology, School of Medicine, Qom University of Medical Sciences, & Pediatric Clinical Research of Development Center, Hazrat Masoumeh Hospital, , makhavan@muq.ac.ir
Abstract:   (101 Views)
Background: Urolithiasis is a common, sever, painful, and costly disease with a high probability of relapse. This study was performed to compare the effect of Polycitra-K containing potassium citrate and Bicitra containing sodium citrate in the treatment of kidney stones in children who referred to Hazrat Masoumeh hospital in Qom.
   Methods: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was carried out on 176 patients aged between 5 and 18 years old with kidney stones, hypocitraturia, and negative urine who referred to Hazrat Masoumeh hospital in Qom (Iran). Patients were divided into 2 groups of treatment (a dose of 1 mL/kg or 1-1.5 mg/ kg Polycitra-K) and control (Bicitra in the same dose). The results of kidney ureter bladder X ray (KUB ) was followed and the 2 groups were compared. The chi-square test or the Fisher exact test was used to analyze qualitative values in the treated groups.
   Results: Regarding bladder stones, there was a significant difference between the 2 treatment groups (p = 0.025), in which16 patients (18.2%) in the Polycitrat-K group and 29 patients (33%) in the Bicitra group had bladder stones. With respect to stone passage, 58 patients (65.9%) in the Polycitra-K group and 36 patients (40.9%) in the Bicitra group were recorded.
   Conclusion: Oral Polycitrat-K is an effective preferential supplement against kidney stones in children due to urine alkalization, but the results of our study showed that both Polycitrat-K and Bicitra drugs have similar effects as therapeutic agents.
Registration code in the Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials: IRCT20190619043945N1
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Nephrology

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