Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimzadeh P, Nikoubakht N, Faiz S H R, Khodabandeh M. Effects of Different Doses of Dexamethasone on Blood Glucose Concentration in Patients Undergoing Elective Abdominal Surgery: A Double-Blind Randomized Clinical Trial. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :1214-1220
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7343-en.html
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , faiz.hr@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (727 Views)
Background: Various studies have shown the benefits of using glucocorticoids following surgery. However, side effects associated with drug administration have been investigated sufficiently. We aimed to evaluate the effects of different doses of dexamethasone on blood glucose concentration in patients undergoing elective abdominal surgery.
Methods: This double-blind clinical trial design study was conducted among 90 candidates of elective abdominal surgery referred to RasoolAkram Medical Complex  in Tehran ,Iran, 2017-218. Patients included two groups of intervention: group I, received 4 mg dexamethasone; group II, received 8-10 mg dexamethasone; and group III (control group), received ondansetron after induction of general anesthesia. Data were analyzed using ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis test, and repeated measures. α=0.05 was considered as a statistically significant level.
Results: The highest increase in blood glucose concentrations in all three groups occurred in the first 6 hours after the surgery. The lowest intensity of pain in all the groups occurred in the first 24 hours after the surgery. All the groups showed statistically significant changes in blood glucose concentration and pain intensity. Comparing among the mean blood glucose concentrations over time, there were statistically significant changes in time and group/time (p<0.001).  Comparing the mean intensity of pain over time,  statistically, significant changes were observed  in  time and group / time (p<0.001).
Conclusion: In general, change trends in blood glucose concentration and pain intensity could be dependent on the medication used and its dose, as well as the time of drug administration. Changes in blood glucose levels in the control group can be attributed to metabolic changes caused by surgical trauma.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Anesthesia

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