Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rabiei M, Homaie Rad E, khosousi sani M, Khosousi Sani S. Dental Environment Stress and The Related Factors in the Iranian Dental Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :1306-1319
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7376-en.html
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , m.khosousisani@sbmu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1233 Views)
Background: Stress is an influential factor in mental health; and can lead to psychological disorders. Thus, it has always been a concern for the medical personnel, and particularly dental students. This systematic review aimed to assess the dental environment stress and the related factors in the Iranian dental students.
   Methods: In this systematic review, an electronic search of the literature was carried out in the Iranian and international databases, and all possible combinations of relevant keywords were searched using the Boolean operators. Data were analyzed using STATA SE 13.1 meta-analysis software. Heterogeneity of the data was evaluated using the I2 statistics, and the correlation between age and level of stress was analyzed by meta-regression. In the Chi-square (X2) heterogeneity test, P-value < 0.05 was considered significant.
   Results: A total of 16 eligible articles (3,521 dental students) out of 821 retrieved studies were reviewed in this systematic review. The mean overall stress level of the Iranian dental students was 2.18 (95% CI:1.87-2.49). The maximum (2.21) and minimum (2.10) mean overall stress values of the Iranian dental students were associated with the dental environment stress (DES) questionnaire and the depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS-21), respectively (P>0.05). Also, the 4th and 5th year dental students had the maximum (2.24) and minimum (2.01) mean overall stress levels, respectively (P>0.05). Gender had no correlation with the stress level (P=0.520).
   Conclusion: The mean stress level of the Iranian dental students is moderate to high. Since stress reduction is directly correlated with the promotion of mental health and function, the authorities are required to revise the educational curricula following consultation with the counselors and implement effective programs to minimize the stress level of dental students. Also, achieving efficient communication between dental students and instructors can greatly improve the quality of clinical education.
Full-Text [PDF 2053 kb]   (488 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Systematic Review | Subject: Medical Education

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.