Volume 35, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheikhi V, Heidari Z. Increase in Thyrotropin Is Associated with an Increase in Serum Prolactin in Euthyroid Subjects and Patients with Subclinical Hypothyroidism. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2021; 35 (1) :1136-1141
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7417-en.html
Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran , heidari.z@zaums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (731 Views)
Background: Prevalence and clinical significance of hyperprolactinemia in subclinical hypothyroidism have been reported in few studies. The upper limit of the normal range for TSH used to diagnose subclinical hypothyroidism is a matter of controversy. Some experts believe that the upper limit of the normal TSH range should be reduced from 4.2 to 2.5 mIU/L. Some evidence suggests a positive relationship between TSH > 2.5 mIU/L and cortisol as an indicator of metabolic stress. With this view prolactin as a stress hormone can be elevated in TSH >2.5 in comparison to TSH< 2.5. Hence the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between TSH and prolactin levels in the TSH range <10.
   Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on apparently healthy subjects with TSH<10 mIU/L. Subjects with the age of 18 to 35 years were enrolled. The sera were analyzed for prolactin, FT3, FT4, TSH, TPO-Ab and Tg-Ab.
   Results: From the total number of 519 participants, in 65 subjects (12.5%) TSH was < 2.5. Seventy-nine subjects (15.2%) had TSH: 2.5-4.2 and 375 (72.3%) of the participants had TSH> 4.2 mIU/L. The mean age, weight and BMI of subjects in the three TSH groups were not significantly different. In the three TSH groups, the prevalence of hyperprolactinemia was zero, 3.8 and 30.7%, respectively. There was a positive and significant correlation between prolactin and TSH levels (r=0.613).
   Conclusion: Hyperprolactinemia is common in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism (30.7%) and there is a positive correlation between TSH and PRL in subjects with TSH<10 mIU/l.
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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Endocrinology

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