Volume 37, Issue 1 (2-2023)                   Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023 | Back to browse issues page

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Fathi M, Sedaghat M, Ahadi H. Quality of Life of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients in Iran. Med J Islam Repub Iran 2023; 37 (1) :610-615
URL: http://mjiri.iums.ac.ir/article-1-7499-en.html
Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaie, Tehran, Iran , ahadi@atu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (441 Views)
Background: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a rare disease that can bring different emotional, physical, and psychological burdens. This study aimed to investigate the quality of life in patients with ALS.
   Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. Fifty-two patients contributed in this study. The setting was an ALS clinic in Iran. A mixed method was used in this study. We applied a short form of the WHO Quality of Life questionnaire (WHOQOL) to measure the quality of life of patients. Also, all participants were interviewed through the semi-structured interview guide. To measure physical strength and functioning the Appel ALS Rating Scale (AALS) was employed in this study. To analyze the data, a two-tailed t-test and x2 test were used.
   Results: 42.3% of the participants were female. The age of the participants ranged between 28 to 81 (mean=57.6). The disease duration ranged from 0.07 to 14 years (mean=1.8). The overall mean QOL was 58.7 (±8.1). The overall mean of the AALS score was 74.4 (±24.2). The results of the qualitative part of the study showed four psychosocial themes: (1) internal personality traits, communicating with friends and family; (2) religion and spirituality; (3) stress, mood changes, and difficult relationship; and (4) changes in lifestyle, work, leisure time and financial situation.
   Conclusion: Despite recent advances, ALS is still one of the diseases for which there is no effective treatment. Paying attention to psychosocial issues in patients with ALS can play a very important role in increasing the quality of life of patients.

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Type of Study: Original Research | Subject: Psychiatry

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